What is the Front-End and Back-End Developer

Published by Nilofar Pathan on

What is a Front-End Developer

Front-end development is mostly focused on what some may coin the client side of development.

Front-end developers will be engaged in analyzing code, designing, and debugging applications along with user experience.

You manage what people first see in their browsers. As a front-end developer, you are responsible for the look, feel, and ultimately design of the site.

Front-end web development, also known as client-side development is the practice of producing HTML, CSS, and JavaScript for a website or Web Application so that a user can see and interact with them directly. The challenge associated with front-end development is that the tools and techniques used to create a website’s front-end change constantly.

The objective of designing a site is to ensure that when the users open the site, they see the information in a format that is easy to read and relevant.

A front-end developer architects and develops websites and web applications using web technologies (Ex- HTML, CSS, and JavaScript), which typically runs on the Open Web Platform or acts as compilation input for non-web platform environments (i.e., React Native). A person enters the field of front-end development by learning to build a website or web application which relies on HTML, CSS, and JavaScript and commonly runs in a Web Browser.

What is a Back-End Developer

Back-end Development refers to the server side of development where you are primarily focused on how the site works.

Making updates and changes in addition to monitoring the functionality of the site will be your primary responsibility.

This type of web development usually consists of three parts: a server, an application, and a database, Code written by back-end developers are what communicates the database information to the browser.

Anything you cannot see easily with a developer’s eye such as databases and servers is the work of the back-end developer.

Server-side development focuses on databases. Ex: Store data, Retrieve data, Security of data access, etc.

The back end is a combination of servers and databases. Servers control how users access files. Databases are organized and structured collections of data.

Front-End Developer Languages

  • Learn, roughly, how the Web Platform works. Make sure you know the “what” and “where” of HTML, CSS, DOM, JavaScript, Domains, DNS, URLs, HTTP, browsers, and servers/hosting.
  • Learn Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML)
  • Learn Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
  • Learn JavaScript Programming Language
  • Document Object Model (DOM)
  • Learn the fundamentals of user interface design (i.e., UI patterns, interaction design, user experience design, and usability).
  • Learn CLI/Command Line Interface.
  • Learn the practice of software engineering (i.e., Application design/architecture, templates, Git, testing, monitoring, automating, code quality, and development methodologies).
  • Get opinionated and customize your toolbox with whatever makes sense to your brain (e.g., Webpack, React, and Mobx).
  • Learn Node.js
  • JavaScript Object Notation (JSON)
  • Document Object Model (DOM)
  • Web APIs.
  • Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) & Accessible Rich Internet Applications (ARIA)

Back-End Developer Languages

Backend engineers should know at least one server-side programming language in their framework like

  • JavaScript- Node.js, Express
  • Java – Spring
  • Python – Flask
  • Ruby
  • PHP
  • Java
  • C# – ASP.NET MV, ASP.NET core.

Skill sets required to become a Backend Developer:

      • Server side

Skill sets required to become a Backend Developer-Database. Knowledge of various DBMS technology-MySQL, MongoDB, Oracle, SQL Server, etc.

The role Capacity of Back-End Developer for Problem-Solving provides a list of common responsibilities:

  • Creating, integrating, and managing databases.
  • Using back-end frameworks to build server-side software.
  • Validating data to make sure it is formatted correctly before being sent to the database.
  • Integrating user-facing elements with server-side elements to make sure that information is being sent to the right place so the server can retrieve it.

Front-End Developer’s Average Salary

The national average in the U.S. for a mid-level front-end developer is somewhere between $65K and 100K.

The Average Salary for a back-end developer in India is ₹9000,000 per year or ₹361 per hour. Entry-level Positions start at ₹488,750 per year, while most experienced workers make up to ₹2,000,000 per year. The Average Starting Salary for a back-end developer is ₹1,36,800, while the highest salaries can exceed ₹18,00,000. According to PayScale, the average salary for a back-end developer/engineer in India is ₹488,843.

According to PayScale and Indeed, the average salary of a front-end developer in India is around ₹8,00,000 per year.

The National average salary for Front-End Developers is 5,00,000 in India.

 Given below is a breakdown of the Front-End Developer salary in different ranges –

Base Salary₹122,400  –  ₹1,400,000  
Bonus₹3,740 –  ₹187,900  
Profit Sharing₹0 – ₹221,900  
Total Compensation₹131,140 – ₹1,809,800  

The average Front-End Developer salary for different tech. cities in India-

LocationAverage Salary
Gurgaon, Haryana ₹626,419
Mumbai, Maharashtra₹586,238
Bangalore, Karnataka₹519,817
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh₹506, 279
Pune, Maharashtra₹481,394
Chennai, Tamil Nadu₹471,114

Back-End Developer’s Average Salary

Given below is a breakdown of the Back-End Developer salary in different ranges –

Base Salary₹142k  –  ₹1m  
Bonus₹7k –  ₹175k  
Profit Sharing₹108 – ₹800  
Total Pay₹153k – ₹1m  

The Highest paying cities near India for Back-End Developers –

LocationAverage Salary
Bengaluru, Karnataka₹11,56,232 per year (880 salaries reported)
Gurgaon, Haryana ₹9,37,433 per year (137 salaries reported)
Noida, Uttar Pradesh₹6,73,957 per year (85 salaries reported
Mohali, Punjab  ₹3,34,337 per year (140 salaries reported)
Pune, Maharashtra₹7,62,800 per year (176 salaries reported)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu₹8,62,024 per year (137 salaries reported)  

The salary of a backend developer in India varies depending on the developer’s type of organization, qualifications, internship, and industry experience. The average annual income is around 3.5 lakhs. According to our proprietary Total Pay Estimate model, the estimated total pay for a Back End Developer is ₹988,243 per year in the India area, with an average salary of ₹1881,110 per year.


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